中山管理評論  2018/6

第26卷第2期  p.331-360


The Mix of Qualitative and Quantitative Methodologies: A Research Exploration Based on Complexity Science
(139_M5b2c5a6aa9db8_Full.pdf 1,169KB)

Shih-Chang Hung; Yung-Ching Tseng; Jiun-Yan Lai/

Institute of Technology Management, National Tsing Hua University; College of Management, Yuan Ze University; Institute of Technology Management, National Tsing Hua University







Both quantitative and qualitative methods are important to the analysis of organization and management, and they are certainly not opposed to each other. Increasingly, researchers have called for more attention to the design of method triangulation that has the potential to enhance the reliability and validity of research findings. Given that ontology will determine epistemology, we argue that when the problems or realities demonstrate the characteristics of order-chaos dualism, a mixed method approach is most applicable. Accordingly, in this paper we attempt to develop a program for conducting such research. The program includes five steps: initiating, collecting quantitative data, determining a proper mathematical model, interpreting the complexity qualitatively, and ending the program.



Quantitative, Qualitative, Mixed Method, Triangulation, Complexity Science



本文強調在組織與管理的學術研究中,定量方法有它的優點,定性方法也有它的強項,兩者並非完全互斥,對於特定現象的分析與解讀,可以透過二者之綜效,發揮三角驗證(Method Triangulation)的精神,以求得到更全面、系統性的認識。就政策與管理的意涵,我們將從學術體系的上游(政策規劃)以及學術體系的下游(教學與教育)來闡述之。 第一,在政策規劃方面,對於政府相關政策的制定者而言,我們建議在研究計畫的審查標準與核定上要有所調整,應該要多補助與支持一些具有跨領域創新精神的計畫,從制度方面進行著手,才能夠真正對學術的進展有所影響。隨著組織與管理所探討的議題日趨多元且複雜,問題的解決、資料的蒐集、以及研究方法的設計上,也要具備像是質、量調和觀點的跨領域創新。除了政府單位,學術期刊對於學術的發展也扮演相當關鍵的角色,本文建議期刊的編輯與審查人,應該要多給這類型的研究有刊登或發表的機會,如此才能夠推動不同領域之間學者的對話,也比較能夠促進學術社群的豐富性。 第二,在教學與教育方面,我們認為培養學生具有跨領域思維的工作,在大專院校裡服務的老師們也同樣責無旁貸。不管是碩士班還是博士班,本文建議指導教授都應該要多鼓勵學生勇於嘗試不同的研究方法,以創新的思維看待問題,進行跨領域的對話,而非固守一方、孤芳自賞。同時採用不同領域的研究方法在單一的實證研究中,在國外的學術圈已經被普遍認可,且儼然是許多領域追求創新與成長的途徑之一,在未來只會愈來愈競爭的學術社群,這種思維是必要的。除此之外,身為大學校園裡的學術行政主管,也應該要以身作則,在各個系所中戮力推動這個氛圍,像是舉辦研究方法的分享會、討論會、以及工作坊等,以促進學術圈的「梅迪奇效應」(Medici Effect)。


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