Sun Yat-Sen Management Review

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Title
以AADIE為基礎之職能專家知識地圖建構法
An AADIE-based Knowledge-Mapping Method for Finding Expert Support to Develop Competency-Based Programs
(156_M6257801b68a8a_Full.pdf 3,923KB)

Author
鄭滄祥、曾智義、丁淑方/南臺科技大學企業管理系、國立高雄大學通識教育中心、國立成功大學資訊管理所
Tsang-Hsiang Cheng, Chih-Yi Tseng, Shu‐Fang Ting/

Department of Administration, Southern Taiwan University of Science and Technology;General Education Center, National University of Kaohsiung;Institute of Information Management, National Cheng Kung University


Abstract(Chinese)

職能導向課程可用以強化企業與學校對人才的職能培育。勞動部為協助國內企業及學校機構規劃系統化及有效的課程,因而發展一套ADDIE課程設計模型輔助訓練課程地圖設計及搭建職能學習鷹架。為確保訓練課程品質,勞動部也依據ADDIE五大設計構面架構iCAP課程品質認證系統。因推動初期,各機構不易覓得合適的專家提供協助,因此本研究以ADDIE課程品質指標進行知識分類,提出職能專家知識地圖建構法,將課程設計專家知識的分布狀況視覺化。本研究以南部17位職能專家為例,運用知識地圖建構法進行職能專家的知識盤點與評量,進而繪製專家職能領域與層級的知識地圖雛型,讓訓練單位於發展課程時易尋得適合的專家協助,藉以發展高品質的職能導向課程。

(156_M6257801b68a8a_Abs.pdf(File does not exist))

KeyWord(Chinese)

知識地圖、職能導向課程、知識管理、課程品保


Abstract(English)

Competence-oriented curriculum contributes to the cultivation of professional competence in a Taiwan’s cooperation and educational institutions. Taiwan’s Ministry of Labor has developed the ADDIE curriculum model tailored to the needs for creating systematic and effective training programs. The application of the new model assists curriculum planner to create appropriate learning scaffolds for trainees. To ensure the quality of the training programs, the Ministry of Labor has also designed the iCAP course quality certification system based on the ADDIE model that helps educational institutions develop competency-based programs (CBPs). As it is challenging to find experts of the field in the early stages of CBPs curriculum design, this study aims to propose an AADIE-based knowledge-mapping method that helps to show the distribution of expert knowledge for course design counseling. This study also presents the application of the proposed knowledge-mapping method to build a prototype of competency-based knowledge map with the participation of 17 experts from southern Taiwan. We hope that each training unit can easily grasp the distribution of experts’ knowledge on CBPs curriculum design and obtain appropriate course consultation and assistance to develop high-quality CBPs.

(156_M6257801b68a8a_Abs.pdf(File does not exist))

KeyWord(English)

Knowledge Map, Competency-Based Program, Knowledge Management, Curriculum Quality Assurance


Policy and management implications
(Available only in Chinese)

目前各國政府為了推行其所制訂的人力發展政策,因此積極地建立適當產業職能或技能標準,藉以作為暢通人力供需兩端的機制。我國「產業創新條例」的第18條也規定:各中央目的事業主管機關得依產業發展需要,訂定產業人才職能基準及核發能力鑑定證明,用以促進國際相互承認。職能基準的建立,將可讓產業所需的人才能力規格予以明確化,進而讓人才供需的兩端擁有一套培育與用人的共同參考依據。 目前技職教育變革的重點將以課程變革為起點,以供需對準的原則,透過職能導向課程的規劃,有效地培養與發展學生就業力。勞動部勞動力發展署為了協助國內企業及學校機構能系統化及有效地發展職能導向課程,綜合了國內外的職能導向課程發展經驗,同時也考慮國內職能導向課程特性,發展出一套適合職能導向課程發展的ADDIE設計模型,藉以為學習者建構出合適的職能學習鷹架、提升學習效能;同時也以ADDIE課程發展模型為基礎,規劃出一套包含10項品質審核指標及30項品質要求條件的iCAP課程品質認證系統,用以確保職能導向課程的品質。由於在iCAP認證推行的初期,因此具有職能導向課程的規劃與實施專長的專家人數稀少,這也讓企業與學校面臨尋無專家協助的困境,同時也產生了職能導向課程落實的問題。 知識地圖是一種視覺化的知識管理工具,可用以呈現組織內外的外顯與內隱知識的內容與位置。知識地圖可用以協助組織「如何」、「在何時」與「在何處」取得重要的知識、解決所面臨的問題。本研究以AADIE為基礎架構提出一個「職能專家知識地圖」建構法,期能協助備有職能專家資料的單位可以有效地將專家知識進行彙總。這些單位同時也能以視覺化的地圖形式有效地呈現職能專家知識的分布狀況,讓企業與學校能藉以獲取適當的職能導向課程規劃與實施的指導與協助,進而提升企業訓練的效能與減少產學落差問題的產生。


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